Plan of Czernowitz with New Street Names, Orientation and Altitude Numbers


Austrian War Archive
GIh 133-20
Austrian War Archive, Vienna

This map of Chernivtsi shows the territory of the city in the late nineteenth century.

The map is not dated. A publication by L. West dates it to 1888 [63], p. 20. 1891-1894 can be considered the outside date,as that is when the new Jesuit Church was built in the territory, marked on the map as Projektirter Stadttheil ("Prospective development").

The plan was drawn by the City Construction Engineer Ludwig West.

The plan was printed to order of Andreas Juszyński. The graphical execution and printing were carried out by the Eduard Hölzel's Geographical Institute in Vienna.


  • The upper left corner holds the name: "Plan of Czernowitz with New Street Names, Orientation Numbering, and Elevations" (Plan von Czernowitz mit Angabe der neuen Straßenbenennung, der Orientierungs-Nummern und Höhenzahlen)
  • Below is the information on the map’s author: "Prepared based on official data by the City Construction Enginer Ludwig West" (Nach amtlichen Aufzeichnungen zusammengestellt von dem städt. Bau-Ingenieur Ludwig West).
  • The map also provides information about its publisher: "Published by Andreas Juszynski (H. Pardini’s University Bookstore), Czernowitz" (Verlag von Andreas Juszyński (H. Pardini'sche Universitätsbuchhandlung.) Czernowitz).
  • The lower right corner holds the inscription: "Lithography and printing by Eduard Hölzel’s Geographical Institute in Vienna" (Stich u. Druck d. geogr. Inst. von Ed. Hölzel in Wien).
  • The lower left corner holds the measurement line with the map’s scale (1:5,760).
  • The upper part of the plan holds the orientation windrose.

Map Characterization:

  • The plan was drawn using color lithography techniques.
  • The plan details configuration of construction.
  • Orientation numbering of the buildings is shown.
  • District limits are not shown, although disrict names are provided.
  • Blue arabic numerals are used to show elevations.
  • The map does not show the Horecza disrict, or the lands east of the river Prut.
  • The map is oriented eastward. This unusual orientation is occasioned by the horizontal presentation of the city’s territory on the sheet, and by the city’s topographic situation from the south to the north.
  • All names and insriptions on the map are provided in German.

Map Toponymics:

The map's toponymics comprises about 245 objects:

  • Administrative buildings: (25).
  • Streets: (105).
  • Hydronyms: (4).
  • Hotels: (11).
  • Roads: (9).
  • Cultural institutions: (12).
  • Cemetaries: (5).
  • Baths: (7).
  • Sacred buildings: (10).
  • Military buildings: (13).
  • Educational buildings: (15).
  • Factory establishments: (12).
  • Financial institutions: (10).
  • Hospitals: (5).

Inconsistencies and inaccuracies on the map:

  • The map shows the Church of the Assumption of Our Lady (wooden, constructed in 1735) as located on Mariacki Square, next to the Turkish Well, although the church had been moved to the Kaliczanka suburb back in 1876.

Characterization of the City:

The map shows the city of Chernivtsi at the beginning of its heyday – in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.

Among the most important new buildings of this period, are: the Armenian Church (1875), the Tempel (1877), the Monument to Austria (1875), the City Theater at the corner of Turetska and Shkilna Streets (1877), the Music Society (1877), the Teachers' Seminary (Pädagogium, 1880s), the ensemble of buildings of the Residence of the Metropolitans of Bukovina and Dalmatia (1882), the Institute for Natural Sciences (1883), the Industry School (1882-1884), and the People's School (1887). 

In 1887, while on a visit to Chernivtsi, the Emperor's son, Crown Prince Rudolph, said: "I am very happy to be able to spend tomorrow in this beautiful city" [66], p. 99

As of 1880, the city's population comprised about 44,600 people. This included 11,271 Germans, 11,271 Jews, 8,232 Ruthenians, 6,431 Romanians, 6,707 Poles (including Greek (Eastern-rite) Catholics), and 510 people of other ethnicities.

The city's religious makeup was: Roman Catholic – 13,376; Greek Catholic – 5,656; Evangelical – 2,200; Orthodox – 9,650; Jews – 11,499, and others (Armenian Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, and Lipowan Old Believers) – 301.

As of 1880, the city had 4,414 buildings  [66], p. 254


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Entry by: Ihor Siomochkin
Translated by: Pavlo Hrytsak

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