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The Kramatorsk Metallurgical Society plant

Images

ID:
5192
Place
Kramatorsk
Date:
1900-1917
Technique:
Photograph (printed on paper)
Size of the resource:
Unknown
Creator
Unknown
Collection
Museum of the History of Starokramatorsky Machine Building Plant
Copyright
Museum of the History of Starokramatorsky Machine Building Plant
Publisher
Unknown
Description

The machine building, iron and steel foundry and rolling mill plant of the Kramatorsk Metallurgical Society belonged to the joint stock Kramatorsk Metallurgical Society till 1918.

After World War I started, foreign citizens left the joint stock company on the Russian government’s demand and the company was owned by Russian and Polish shareholders. During the war, in addition to its basic production, the plant also produced gun tubes and carriages, two-wheel carts for medical service, shells. Apart from that, locomotives were repaired there.

During World War I the number of workers fluctuated greatly from 1.3 thousand in 1914 to 4.1 thousand in 1916. In 1914 women were first admitted to work at the plant. In 1915 Chinese workers were hired due to lack of workers caused by mobilization.

In 1915 a shell shop was built, where a half of the workers worked. In 1916 the shops were equipped with new kinds of machines; a metallic bridge over the Torets river was constructed, which joined the plant’s territories situated on the different banks of the river.

On 17 November 1920 the plant was nationalized and renamed as the Kramatorsk State Machine Building and Metallurgical Plant. Now it is the Starokramatorsk Machine Building Plant [http://www.skmz.dn.ua/].

Author: Volodymyr Kulikov

Tags:
industrial landscape
Category:
Industrial Complexes
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