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Market Square

Images

ID:
1059
Place
Shchyrets
Date:
1900-1914
Technique:
Postcard
Size of the resource:
90х140 mm
Creator
Unknown
Collection
Andriy Kryzhanivskyy
Copyright
Andriy Kryzhanivskyy
Publisher
Unknown
Description

The central square of Shchyrets was built up with two-storied buildings. Even today we can guess at the raised ground, contours of the town's fortifications, which surrounds the Market square and its streets in the form of a square. On both sides of the defensive buildings a ditch was made and filled in with water. This is indicated even in the town's topography. The village of Ostriv, which began directly past the town's gate gained its name, obviously, from the fact that it was located past the town's defensive moat. In Zahorodky- in the area of present day Shchyrets, which has preserved its first name, perhaps its necessary to make note of its location past the town, or «past the horod». Such estimations can explain the appearance of the name of another part of the town- «Za valom (Past the wall)», or «Zavallia». In the name of the village Lany the aforementioned «lany» (fields) of lands come to mind, given into the use of the magistrate of medieval Shchyrets. In the archives of the National museum in Lviv, named in honour of Andrei Sheptytskyi, a map of Shchyrets from 1915 is preserved, on which we see the names Ostriv and Zahorodky. Halyna Petryshyn, a Lviv researcher and a professor at the NationalUniversity «Lviv Politechnic» was able to find a «Jozefin map» composed by the Austrian General Headquarters in 1779-1782, where even a map of Shchyrets from that time is found. As indicated by symbolic markings, a town hall is clearly depicted on the map, which was situated in the centre of the market square, and the town itself surrounded by earthen embankments, marked by black dashed lines, and lines encircle the images of two churches, which indicated walls, which still had at this time strategic importance.
Andriy Kryzhanivskyy

Tags:
Square, buildings, people
Category:
Squares
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